Vypracovala: Miroslava Šimová



The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles and separated from the Europe by the North Sea and English Channel.


Its area is about 244 755 sq km and the population is more than 60 million people. The longest rivers of this great island are the Thames and the Severn. Great Britain does not boast of high mountains – the highest peak being Ben Nevis in the Scottish Highlands and Snowdon in the Cambrian Mountains. The climate is influenced by the Gulf Stream, so it is quite warm, but it rains very often. GB is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen Elizabeth as the head of the state. The UK is governed by the Cabinet with twenty ministers and the Prime Minister. The official residence of Prime Minister is at 10 Downing Street. The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and House of Commons and is one of the oldest in the world. The British political system depends on political parties such as the Conservative Party, the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats. The UK is an industrialised country. Major industries include iron, steel engineering, textiles, plastics, cotton, chemicals, wool, shipbuilding and food processing. Wheat, barley, oats, potatoes, sugar beet, milk and meat are the chief agricultural products.


The UK has four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.


Locally is Britain divided into counties. The capital of the whole Britain is London. Other big cities are Birmingham, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, and Manchester etc. Oxford and Cambridge are the old university towns. Stratford-upon-Avon is the birthplace of William Shakespeare. The English countryside is full of peaceful harbour-towns with fishing boats; yachts, cottages and the English like to spend their holidays there.