Vypracovala: Mgr. Katarína Šovčíková


 
Slovakia

  • has entered the history as a new country on 1st January 1993

 

  • is located in Central Europe, the area is 49 036 sq km and population is more than 5 million people

 

  • Slovakia borders the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the North, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south

 

  • Bratislava is the capital

 

  • the landscape is characterised by great difference in height – the lowest place is the town of Streda nad Bodrogom (95 m above sea level), the highest point is the Gerlach Peak (2655 m above sea level)

 

  • the official language is Slovak, but Hungarian is also widely spoken in the south of the country and has a  co-official status in some municipalities

 

  • official currency is euro which has 100 cents


 
Slovak symbols:

  • the Coat of Arms – it is silver double cross which stands on the middle peak of a dark blue mountain consisting of three peaks. It is situated on the red gothic shield. The double cross is a symbol of its Christian faith and the hills represent the three symbolic mountains of the Tatra, Fatra and Matra.

 

  • The flag of Slovakia consists of the Slovak tricolor and the Slovak coat of arms. The tricolor (from top to bottom – three equal horizontal bands of white, blue and red)

 

  • The National Anthem – it is the song Nad Tatrou sa blýska (Lightning over the Tatras) and it was composed in 1844. The text was written by Ján Matuška on the melody of Slovak folk song Kopala studienku (She was digging a well)


 
Mountains:
  • the Carpathian Mountains cover most of the northern half of the country
  • High Tatra mountains – are the highest
  • Low Tatra Mountains, Malá Fatra, Veľká Fatra,


 
Rivers:
  • Danube – the biggest river, important for ship travelling
  • Váh – the longest river
  • Others: Hron, Torysa, Nitra


 
Climate:
  • mild, there are warm summers and cold winters in Slovakia


Industry:
  • the main industry sectors are car manufacturing and
    electrical engineering
  • there are currently three automobile companies: Volkswagen in Bratislava, Peugeot Citroen in Trnava and Kia Motors in Žilina
  • the food industry is mainly based on the production of local agricultural companies and farms


 
Bratislava
 
  • is the capital of the Slovak Republic

 

  • is the seat of the President, government and parliament

 

  • is the political, cultural and economic centre of the country

 

  • is situated on the both banks of the river Danube, near Austrian and Hungarian borders

 

  • has almost 500,000 inhabitants


History:

  • Bratislava was an important crossroads of military and trde routes

 

  • Celts built there prehistoric town called oppidum

 

  • At the beginning of the 16th century the Kingdom of Hungary joined the Habsburg Monarchy and Bratislava became its capital city and the seat of the aristocracy and parliament

 

  • Kings and queens were crowned in St Martin´s Cathedral


Famous relics:


Bratislava Castle
  • dominant building of the city
  • in 19th century it was almost completely destroyed by fire
  • today it serves various ceremonial and representative sesssions of the Slovak national authorities
  • there is the historical section of the Slovak National Museum


Michael´s Gateway
  •  one preserved gate of the four entrance gateways which were  parts of wall which encircled Bratislava


the Old Town Hall
  •  in the 14th century it was the private house of the town mayor Jacob


Academia Istropolitana
  •  was the first university, was built by King Mathias Corvinus


St Martin´s Cathedral
  •  was coronation church


Grasalkovič Palace
  •  the seat of the President


Primate Palace
  •  it served as a town hall
  •  there is the picture gallery with its famous Bratislava tapestries produced in England


Bratislava is not only historical city. It is an important road, rail, air and river transport junction. There are important national cultural, scientific and educational institutions, e.g. the Slovak National Theatre, the Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Lúčnica and SĽUK folk ensembles, the Slovak National Gallery, a lot of universities, etc.



Places to visit in Slovakia:

Spišský castle - the UNESCO-protected, is the largest castle in Slovakia. There's a museum displaying weapons, armor, implements of torture and a replica of the castle before it fell to ruin

Košice - is the second biggest city in Slovakia

High and Low Tatra mountains - visited by the tourists in winter for skiing and in summer for hiking; other mountains to visit: Slovenký Raj, Slovenský Kras, ...

Bojnice - Bojnice castle – it is considered to be the most beautiful in central Europe, ZOO, spa

There are a lot of spa towns in Slovakia, e.g. Piešťany, Turčianske Teplice, Trenčianske Teplice, Rajecké Teplice, Bojnice, etc.

There are a lot of caves to visit, e.g. Domica, Demänovská cave, Ochtinská aragonitová cave, Dobšinská ľadová cave, Gombasecká cave, Belianska cave, ...

There are several water reservoirs, e.g. Liptovská Mara, Zemplínska Šírava, Domaša, Duchonka, ...




Použitá literatúra:
Chudá, J., Chudý, T.: Topics for English Conversation, Príroda, Bratislava, 2001.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovakia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coat_of_arms_of_Slovakia
http://www.slovak-republic.org/symbols/