Vypracovala: PaedDr. Ivana Dulová

 

 

Shopping is enjoyed by many people. There are also people who hate this activity and say that it is a waste of time. But people need to go to the shops more or less frequently, because they need fresh food and toiletries (e.g. meat, milk, fruit, vegetables, bread, toilet paper, . . .). So whether the people like shopping or not, they have to do it because shopping is a necessity.


A shop is a place where things are sold. In American English it is called a ‚store‘. In British English ‚a store‘ means a big shop.


There are many different types of shops ranging from large department stores, self-service shops and supermarkets to small specialized shops such as the grocer´s, baker´s, butcher´s, greengrocer´s, stationer´s, chemist´s, ironmonger´s, haberdasher´s, bookshop, foowareshop and boutique.


At the baker´s we can buy various kinds of bread, rolls, buns and cakes. At the butcher´s meat including pork, beef, lamb or poultry can be bought. Here we can also buy smoked meat products, for example sausages, bacon, ham and frankfurters. People can buy flour, sugar, salt, eggs, vegetable oil, tea, coffee, bottled beer, juice, ch oco late, sweets, frozen and tinned vegetables at the grocer´s.


Some people like working in the garden or doing repairs at home so they can go to the ironmonger´s where they can buy pliers, hammers, nails and other tools and materials.


There are lots of people who cannot imagine the day without reading newspapers, magazines, so they go to newsagent´s or kiosk to pick their paper or magazine.

At the stationer´s writing paper, wrapping paper, envelopes, notebooks, pens, pencils, crayons, glue, rubber, rulers and compasses can be bought.

When the women needs threads, needles, pins and buttons they go to haberdasher´s.


At the greengrocer´s and fruiter´s people can buy fresh vegetable and all kinds of fruit. Some people prefer shopping at the market because there is a wider choice of potatoes, tomatoes, cabbages, beans, oranges, bananas, pears, etc.


If you want to buy some medicine, you can get them at the chemist´s. In the USA it is called a drugstore or a pharmacy. When we want to buy other products such as book, shoes, clothes, record we have to go to a shoe shop, bookshop, clothes shop or boutique. Flowers are kept at the florist´s, jewellery at the jeweller´s and high quality food (like meats and cheeses from different countries) at a delicatessen.


There are also shops where we can buy food, alcohol and magazines. They are often open 24 hours a day. They are called corner shops.


Nowadays more and more people prefer shopping in large buildings called department stores or at shopping centres. A department store is a large building divided into several small shops which sells one type of thing, such as shoes, books, clothes, furniture and so on. We can find them in city centres and in the suburbs of towns as well. There is usually a big car park next to them. Shopping in these places have lots of advantages, but the biggest advantage is that customers can buy everything under one roof and save time. In the shopping centres we can find post offices, banks, but also restaurant, cinemas where people can relax when they are tired of shopping.


People who work in a shop are called shop assistants. They serve customers and sell things. Wherever the customer enter he is attended by them and they are ready to help. Can I help you? What can I do for you? These are the most frequent questions heard in shops.


Nowadays shopping is a big business and many companies spend lots of money on advertising and trying to persuade customers that their products are the best.



Použitá literatúra:

Bérešová, J. a kol.: Nová maturita z angličtiny, Aktuell, 2005

Silvanová, B.: Angličtna (pomôcka pre maturantov a uchádzačov o štúdium na vysokých školách), Enigma, 1997