French territory, which is located in Western Europe is largely defined by natural boundaries. In the north it is bordered by Channel and North Sea in the west Atlantic, south of the Pyrenees ridge and long coastline touches the Mediterranean Sea and through the island of Corsica (8862 km2) extends deep into its western part. East border follow ridges of the Alps and Jura mountains and then flow to the long stretch of the Rhine. In France have developed a very different landscape units. Massif Central area of the spring area of several large French rivers (Loire, Dordogne). In the Western Alps, rich presence of glaciers, the highest point off France and Europe, Mont Blanc. (4807 m). The mountains (Pyrenees, Alps, Massif Central, Ardennes, Vosges), the wedge shells and impose (Paris Basin, river basin Garoonne etc.) Mineral resources are diverse, but it is only in small amounts (uranium, rock salt, potassium salt iron ore). It is also poor in energy resources (coal clearways in Arden). Almost three quarters provide atomic energy elektrárne.Priemysel which generates 80% of French exports and employs one third of the economically active population. Major industries are a longstanding tradition of producing luxury goods (perfume, fashion clothing and alcohol). Important role is also the state-sponsored high-tech production (aircraft, weapons, vehicles, technological equipment of nuclear power, electrical and pharmaceutical products). The structure of French industry are typically small and medium enterprises, large enterprises have a decisive share in certain sectors, such as. automotive, manufacturing of ships and aircraft and so on. In France, an increasing number of low-kavlifikáciou. In particular, immigrants from former colonies. Given the unemployment rate occur experiments using state aid immigrants to return home. French agriculture is a modern, working in very good condition. However, in comparison with other Mediterranean countries have higher overhead costs, which sometimes cause problems with marketing in European Union countries. For a large part of the territory oceanic climate prevails, there is a predominance of cattle breeding). The milk of good qualities of the famous cheese. The arable land planted with wheat in the first place (France is the largest exporter of wheat in Europe), followed by maize and sugar beet. The Mediterranean area is characterized by vegetables, fruit, olives and almonds. The basic raw material of famous perfumes are pink and lavender oil from southern fields. It is also relevant viticulture and wine production. their products (champagne, cognac and wine) are in high demand worldwide. Most profitable industry in the area of tourism services and tourism. In the summer months are the most visited areas of the beach at the Atlantic Ocean and Côte d'Azur, in winter alpine ski resorts. State's transportation network is very dense and high. In the period of construction (in r.1981) HST trains were the fastest in the world today is still their leader in Europe. Geography and Facts Government: Republic ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE: 22 district (region), 1996 Region (Department), four overseas departments, 2 associated territories overseas, four overseas dependent territories Area: 543 965 km2 Population: 58,900,000 (1999) Population density: 108 obyv./km2 Capital: Paris (Paris) 2,152,400 inhabitants, towns with population of 9.32 million Inévýznamnejšie location: Lyon 1262000 inhabitants. Marseille, 1,231,000 inhabitants., Paris 959 000 inhabitants. Highest point: Mont Blanc, 4807 m The most important rivers: Loire, Garonne, Rhône, Seine, Saône, Rhine OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: French Currency: French franc (1 franc = 100 centimes) National Day: 14 July (Bastille Day, 1789) Racial and Ethnic composition: French (93.6%), Alsatian and Lotrynčania (2%), Bretónci (1.5%), Catalans (0.5%), Italians (0.3%), Flemish (0.3 %), Basques (0.2%), other (1.6%) RELIGION: Roman Catholic (81%), Islam (5.1%), Protestant (1.6%), Jewish (1.2%), other (11.1%) Urbanization: 75% Life expectancy: men 73 years, women 81 years Infant mortality rate: 6 ‰ Illiterates: 1.2% Unemployment: 12.4% Share in GDP: agriculture 2%, industry 28%, services 70% GDP: 26 270 USD / inhabitant French territory, which is located in Western Europe is largely defined by natural boundaries. In the north it is bordered by Channel and North Sea in the west Atlantic, south of the Pyrenees and the long ridges of the coast affected by the Mediterranean island of Corsica and thanks (8862 km2) extends deep into its western part. East border follow ridges of the Alps and Jura mountains and then flow to the long stretch of the Rhine. In France have developed a very different landscape units. Massif Central area of the spring area of several large French rivers (Loire, Dordogne). In the Western Alps, rich presence of glaciers, the highest point off France and of Europe, Mont Blanc. (4807 m). The mountains (Pyrenees, Alps, Massif Central, Ardennes, Vosges), the wedge shells and impose (Paris Basin, river basin Garoonne etc.) Mineral resources are diverse, but it is only in small amounts (uranium, rock salt, potassium salt iron ore). It is also poor in energy resources (coal clearways in Arden). Almost three quarters provide atomic energy elektrárne.Priemysel which generates 80% of French exports and employs one third of the economically active population. Major industries are a longstanding tradition of producing luxury goods (perfume, fashion clothing and alcohol). Important role is the production of state-sponsored high-technology (aircraft, weapons, vehicles, technological equipment of nuclear power, electrical and pharmaceutical goods). The structure of French industry are typically small and medium enterprises, large enterprises have a decisive share in certain sectors, such as. automotive, manufacturing of ships and aircraft and so on. In France, an increasing number of low-kavlifikáciou. In particular, immigrants from former colonies. Given the unemployment rate occur experiments using state aid immigrants to return home. French agriculture is a modern, working in very good condition. However, in comparison with other Mediterranean countries have higher overhead costs, which sometimes causes problems with marketing in European Union countries. For a large part of the territory oceanic climate prevails, there is a predominance of the bovine). The qualities of a good-milk cheese is famous. The arable land planted with wheat in the first place (France is the largest exporter of wheat in Europe), followed by maize and sugar beet. The Mediterranean area is characterized by vegetables, fruit, olives and almonds. The basic raw material of famous perfumes are pink and lavender oil from southern fields. It is also relevant viticulture and wine production. their product (champagne, cognac and wine) are in high demand worldwide. Most profitable industry in the area of tourism services and tourism. In the summer months are the most visited areas of the beach at the Atlantic Ocean and Côte d'Azur, in winter alpine ski resorts. State's transportation network is very dense and a high level. In the period of construction (in r.1981) TGV trains were the fastest in the world today they still are leaders in Europe. Column A Dependencies FRENCH GUYANA STATUS: overseas department (South America) Capital: Cayenne (41,700 inhabitants) Area: 83 534 km2 Population: 170,000 (1999) Density: 2 obyv./km2 OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: French Svernom lies on the coast of South America. Up to 82% of its surface area covered by tropical rainforest. Nearly 90% of the population lives on the coast. The marshy plain, inwrought river flows to the south rises the low mountains, with the highest peak Tabulaire Massif (830 m). The city is located Kourou French National Centre for Space Research. From here, start Ariane rockets, satellites.