Vypracovala: PaedDr. Ivana Dulová

   Family is a group of people consisting of one or two parents and their children. Living in a family is very important for every human being. Our parents take care of us from our births. We are loved by our parents, grandparents, uncles and aunts. Our family supports us whenever we need it. They are with us in the important moments of our lives. In the family we learn all the skills that we need for life: how to get on with people, how to be tolerant, polite and helpful.

The people closest to us are our parents. They often show how much they care by worrying about things like our health and how we do in school. We learn how to communicate and how to be helpful through our discussions with them.

Family members get together on special occasions (family celebrations, weddings, birthdays, funerals, . . .) During these occasions we have the chance to see our whole family and to talk to our cousins, aunts and uncles who we do not see very often.

We have different relationships with people we live with. The relationship with our parents is special. We love them, but we have to respect and also obey them because they are responsible for our upbringing. Our brothers and sisters are much closer to us. They have similar hobbies and have usually the same opinions because they are from the same generations. Relationship with our grandparents is similar to that with our parents, but we sometimes see them only once or twice a month and we spend a few hours with them. They are not responsible for us but they love us very much.

Being a member of a family means duties, for example cleaning, doing the washing up, working in the garden and taking out the rubbish. Daughters usually help their mothers in the kitchen and boys help their fathers in the garden or with households repairs. It is very important to divide up household chores equally among the family members and to avoid possible arguments.

Parents often say that the worst time for them is when their children become teenagers. They spend much of their free time out with their friends and they make their own decisions. Teenagers often complain that their parents do not understand them. Nowadays a lot of adults think that today´s children do not respect any adult, are lazy, impolite and rude. Parents should try to build friendly relationships with their children. They should talk to them and try to solve problems and find solutions together.

Nowadays a lot of children grow up in families in which relationship is broken. This is called a „broken home“. Some of them live in a single-parent family, with just their mother or father, some of them with their stepparents. Life is very difficult for these children, both emotionally and financially. The divorce rate is rising. One day these children become adults, fall in love, get married and the long existing pattern of family is repeated in a new generations.

There are the two most damaging blows that can occur to a family: divorce and death of a parent. Everybody in a family suffers. It´s just as hard for children if not harder than for the parents. Nowadays one out of every two marriages ends in divorce. Children often believe they have caused the conflict between their parents. Parents should be alert to signs of distress in their children. Young children can become aggressive. Older children may feel deep sadness and loss. Their schoolwork may suffer and behavior problems are very common. Children will do best if they know that their parents will still be their parents even though the marriage is ending and the parents won't live together.

Použitá literatúra:

Bérešová, J. a kol.: Nová maturita z angličtiny, Aktuell, 2005