is very important these days. If you want to succeed in our highly-developed
society you need a good education.
· There have been some serious changes made in the educational system in Slovakia in the last few years. The National Curriculum has been changed.
· School attendance in Slovakia is compulsory from the age of six to sixteen. Besides state schools, there are also church schools and private schools. There are several stages of education: pre-school education, primary education, secondary education, post-secondary education and higher education.
· Pre-school education is voluntary. It includes crèches, kindergartens and special kindergartens for disabled children.
· Primary education is divided into two stages: the first stage with grades 1-4 and the second stage with grades 5-9. Primary school provides children with a general education. Pupils study languages, History, Geography, Science, Arts, Religion or Ethics and Physical Education.
· The school year starts on September 1st and finished on June 30th. Students get school reports at the end of January and June and are assessed by marks from 1 to 5 (one is the best, five is the worst). If a student gets a 5 in June, he can take a make-up exam to try once again to pass.
· When children finish primary school, they can choose what type of secondary school they want to attend for the next four years. There are different types of secondary schools in Slovakia: Grammar Schools and various kinds of vocational and technical schools.
· Vocational and technical schools for example agricultural, nursing, business and hotel academies our secondary vocation school of trade and services etc. The schools prepare students for their future professions but they also offer a general secondary. 3-year secondary vocational schools prepare students for practical jobs. Students graduate after passing final examinations in both theoretical and practical subjects.
· Grammar school prepares students for universities. Studies take four years and are finished with a school-leaving examination. -School leaving examination consists of 2 parts: **written test – checks our knowledge and skills in listening comprehension, reading comprehension, grammar and vocabulary. Students also write an essay on a topic chosen by the Minister of education and published on the Internet 20 minutes before the test. **oral test – oral examination in based on 25 themes and a student must chose one of 30 topics/papers. And oral exam lasts for 20 minutes and consists of 3 parts. In the first one some pictures are compared and described. We talk for 5 minutes. The second part lasts for 10 minutes and we an answer the question from the paper and talk to the examinators/teachers. The last part is simulation or roleplay. -My field of study is Trade and Entrepreneurship. And I will take and school leaving examination in Slovak language and Literature and a group of special subjects such as Accounting, Economics, Geography and Tourism, Marketing and Management.
· Students who successfully pass the examination receive their school-leaving certificate and can apply for studies at universities and colleges.
· Post-secondary education is a new trend in professional education, specialising in such fields of study as accounting, information processing, computer technology, tourism and entrepreneurship.
· Higher education lasts from 4 to 6 years and is provided by colleges and universities. Students have to pass an entrance examination to be admitted to university where they can study everything from law, medicine, economics and journalism to agriculture, engineering, drama and fine art.
· Our school consists of 3 buildings. We have a playground, a gym and sports facilities like tennis court. On the ground floor of the main building there are usually lockers, the school canteen, a small snackbar where students can buy refreshments during breaks, the staff room, the headmaster`s and his deportees’ offices. In the building, there are mostly large classrooms with large windows, several small classrooms and special classrooms called laboratories for teaching IT, Chemistry, Languages and Geography. Hallways and staircases are decorated with flowers and pictures of famous people. There are also notice-boards with important information for students.
· Classes start at 8am and usually finish at 2:20pm. A lesson usually lasts 45 minutes and breaks are usually 10 or 15 minutes long. Apart from lessons, many schools offer various after-school activities for students, like sports, drama, photography and hiking.
· A traditional uniform consists of a shirt, tie, blazer with a school badge on the pocket and a dark skirt for girls or dark trousers for boys.
· The oldest and best known universities are Oxford and Cambridge.